Вашето ниво на обучение

Ние предварително сме избрали "Всички нива" за вас, но вие можете да промените нивото на обучение по всяко време, като изберете една от опциите на това меню. Промяната на вашето ниво на учене ще ви върне към началото на модула.

Engineered pedagogy

The term 'engineered' pedagogy would suggest that pedagogy could be altered according to need. What is understood by this is that not all children have the same way of learning and pedagogy requires adjustment according to who is being taught. Those with different learning styles, especially those with impairments which hinder learning, need to have particular teaching approaches to optimise
their progress.

Psychologists of education and developmental psychologists are the research experts in the field of identifying appropriate teaching styles. These professional disciplines bring a great deal of influence to the strategies used by those in teaching roles. Consider, however, the extent to which teachers in schools have direct dialogue with educational and
developmental psychologists.


Learning is based on sharing the expertise of the teacher with that of the learner. This is known as 'construction of knowledge'.

Language (1)
Sophia uses Tech Talk

Does language always have to be spoken? For physical and other reasons some children cannot or do not speak. Think of the ways in which we support children who cannot communicate through speech. How can we work with speech and language therapists to develop communication for non-verbal children?


What aids can the children use, and who is able to assess a child's communication and provide access to equipment? Does all intervention require direct work with other disciplines? For high tech aids there is often a need for specialist professional involvement in order to access funding.

Language (2)

In the video Sophia is learning to communicate through indicating pictures and operating recorded voice.


Visual picture aids are helpful but quite restricting. Modern technological aids are opening pathways so that communication is easier and more fluent. Sign language helps teachers and children to communicate. Signing can reduce frustration and help speech therapists encourage efforts in
spoken language.

  • Poster
Classroom dialogue
A girl and a teacher talk

Talking to children in class can be reassuring and comforting, informative and instructive. Leading the talk can direct learning but listening is also important. Children can be encouraged to lead and 'tell'. It is important that children can communicate and share understanding by whatever means
they have.


Working with speech, music and physiotherapists children can 'mix and match' messages through gesture, touch, smiles, sound and
pictorial representation.


Can you think of other ways of sharing understanding and encouraging communication with children whose spoken language is impaired?

Find out more
opened book

Mercer, N. (1995) The Guided Construction of Knowledge: talk amongst teachers and learners. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters