Вашето ниво на обучение

Ние предварително сме избрали "Всички нива" за вас, но вие можете да промените нивото на обучение по всяко време, като изберете една от опциите на това меню. Промяната на вашето ниво на учене ще ви върне към началото на модула.

Затвори
Introduction
a picture of a white keyguard

Assistive hardware provides alternative ways to use types of equipment that are designed for able bodied children. Keyguards, alternative and adapted keyboards, articulated clamps and alternative pointing devices afford children with physical difficulties the same opportunities.

Keyguards
a picture of a white keyguard

A keyguard is a sheet of perspex or metal with holes drilled in it that is fixed over a keyboard. It allows an individual to use a standard keyboard without accidentally hitting the wrong keys.

Articulated clamps
Articulated clamp holding large
                  red button in front of computer monitor

An articulated clamp allows a piece of equipment to be adjusted and fixed in any position that is best for the user. This is particularly useful when trialling a new piece of equipment that may need continual readjustment.


In this image, the articulated clamp is securely holding the switch at precisely the correct angle and position on the worktop, allowing the pupil optimum access to the switch.

Alternative and adapted keyboards
a picture of a black and white keyboard

If someone has problems using a standard keyboard there are various alternatives that may be easier for them to use. Devices that can be plugged directly into the USB or keyboard socket on the computer are the easiest to set up and should be able to work with all standard software.


There are:

  • Alternative configurations of keyboards.
  • One handed keyboards.
  • Other alternative physical keyboards.

Users who are able to manipulate a mouse cursor but who are not able to use a conventional keyboard might use an onscreen keyboard.



Alternative pointing devices (1)
A joystick

These include:


  • Mice
  • Tracker balls
  • Joysticks
  • Touch sensitive screens
  • Devices such as head or eye pointers

There are two types of joystick: the analogue joystick and the switched joystick, which is really a number of switches in fixed positions operated by a single lever. Most software now uses the mouse pointer for control, often providing no alternative. The mouse not only requires moderate to good hand/eye coordination but also fine motor control – and a wide range of users may struggle with its use. The use of alternative mice such as trackerballs and joysticks can alleviate some of these problems.

Алтернативни устройства за посочване (2)
Articulated clamp holding
                  large red button in front of computer monitor


Ето някои примери за някои по-често използвани устройства, които могат да бъдат намерени в училищата:


Това съдържание е адаптирано от Switch Access to Technology; A comprehensive guide от David Colven и Simon Judge, ACE Centre.